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Hedda Gabler written by Henrik Ibsen and Medea written by Euripides both present the ideas of women who have either been wronged in life or simply have lives which have taken a turn for the worse, who find themselves in times of distress. The playwrights therefore use different techniques to portray them, their suffering, and what they resort to do to ease this pain, and in Medea’s case, to fulfil her revenge.
The former play is set in late nineteenth century Norway. Hedda Gabler must deal with a various number of situations which eventually build up and lead to her demise. She is General Gabler’s daughter, but no longer lives the upper-class life that she is used to. Upon getting married to Jorgen Tesman, she falls to a middle-class life with a man she does not love and shares nothing with. Hedda is unable to adjust to her new life and only seems to find entertainment when imposing her superiority and power on others. The tragedy of this play is that she can never adjust to this, and with time, she simply can not take it anymore and gathers the courage she needs to end it all.