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I. INTRODUCTION
The nineteenth century was a time of great revolution in the fields of agriculture, communication, transportation, technology, marketing and industry. It is in this period that the collapse of great empires likes Portugal, Spain, Mughal, China, and the Holy Roman kingdoms was experienced and in their place arose the German, British, Japanese and United States realms. Great philosophical and religious leaders also come from this century, like William Booth, the main founder of the Salvation Army, Karl Max, Ellen White, John Stuart Mill the great philosopher, among others.
This century also marked the beginning of great evangelical revivals in a number of protestant churches and countries across Europe and America. It also marked the beginning of the effects of modern scientific theory and reasoning on Christian thought and beliefs. Scientific theories like Darwinism had great impacts on the churches, making many Christians to question some of the beliefs and values they once held. These theories led to a mass movement of Christians from the regular and tradition…