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War for Independence from Britain
INSTRUCTIONS: Assume you have just learned of the Declaration and War for Independence from Britain. As an African American do you join the revolutionary army, join the British army? Explain the circumstances around your choice (what factors would influence your decision?).
? KEY TERMS: indentured servitude, Bacon’s Rebellion, task system, Great Awakening, George Whitefield, Moor, Pueblo de Gracia Real de Santa Teresae de Mose, or "Mose," maroons/cimarron, Stono Revolt (South Carolina), Crispus Attucks, French and Indian War/Seven Years War, John Locke, Thomas Paine/Common Sense, Lord Dunmore, Loyalists, Esteban/Estebanico, James Beckwourt
Write a 500-700 word paper in response to the given prompt. To adequately address each question, I would suggest a minimum of 3 main points explored in a fair amount of detail. The assigned readings should be sufficient to adequately address the topic, and should be the only materials referenced in your essays. DO NOT CITE FROM OUTSIDE SOURCES.
? Use at least 5 of key terms FROM UNIT 2, and do so in a way that makes clear your understanding of them.
? Be sure to underline key terms.
? You MUST cite from at least 3 sources per essay, and only from the material assigned in the videos and specific reading material given. Should be sited as follows (Author, p. 10 or Video).
1. (citation) ?The idea of natural rights was not a product of the American Revolution, it was not even unique to the colonies. European philosophers had written extensively about this concept in the 17th century as part of the Enlightenment emphasis on rational, original thought. One hundred years later wealthy land owners in the colonies seized upon European elitist ideals hoping to use them to unite the diverse colonists in a revolution against British rule?. (Video, discussion 6)
2. (considered one key term) Thomas Paine, a writer at this time, used everyday language in his essay called ?Common Sense? which denounced the monarchy and called for ordinary people to support the revolutionary cause.
3. (key term) Paine sometimes used very harsh language in his writings; he referred to Loyalists as cowards, as slaves. (Video, discussion 6)
4. (citation)Paine?s writings were circulated throughout the colonies and even slaves and free blacks picked up the revolutionary rhetoric. (Video, discussion 6)
5. (citation and key term) If Indentured Servants (people who lost their freedom for a specified number of years, either because they sold it or because they were being punished for a debt or crime. (Hine, Pg. 36)
6. (citation) The forts did nothing to help the men and women of the frontier, so ?the frontiersmen, black and white alike, rallied behind Bacon to deal with the Native American problem themselves?. (Video, discussion 5)
7. (key term) Mose was a town the Spanish governor of Florida, Governor Zuniga, created to populate the Spanish Frontier. Mose was a town the Spanish governor of Florida, Governor Zuniga, created to populate the Spanish Frontier.
8. (citation)Even more frightening for most white people was the Stono rebellion that began at Stono Bridge within 20 miles of Charleston in September 1739. (Hine, Pg. 71)
9. (citation) It is no coincidence that the Stono rebellion took place only one year after the Mose colony was founded. It became clear the Spanish were enticing the black slaves to run away from the British Colony and join the Colony at Moes. (Video, discussion 4)
10. (citation and key term) Bacon?s Rebellion basically created race-based slavery. Nathaniel Bacon was an English aristocrat who had migrated to Virginia. ?The immediate cause of his rebellion was a disagreement between him and the colony?s royal governor Lord William Berkeley over Indian Policy?. (Hine, Pg. 56)
11. (key term) The great awakening was a religious movement were slaves are converted to Christianity. The great awakening is important to race-based slavery because the law stated that slaves who were not Christians in their native land would be slaves.
12. (key term and citation) The enlightenment ideology made popular in politics by John Locke in his essay "Concerning human understanding" he maintained that human society, like the physical universe ran according to natural laws. He contended that at the base of human laws were natural rights all people shared as well as the notion that the human mind at birth was tabula rasa, meaning knowledge and wisdom were not inherited but acquired through experience thus meaning with education all people could learn and advance (Hine, pg.74).