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The reconciliation of the physical world and faith has always been difficult, especially in regards to the Eucharist and accepting bread and wine to actually be the body and blood of Christ. Father Sergius Belgakov’s The Holy Grail and the Eucharist examines the most important contribution to Eucharistic Theology by an Orthodox theologian. He insists on a “properly Christological” and Gospel-based interpretation of the sacrament, while acknowledging Thomas Aquinas’ interpretations as well as the Aristotelian differentiation between substance and accident.
Fr. Sergius Belgakov states that according to Catholic theology, the Eucharist consists of a “supernatural union” of the substance of Christ’s body and blood, deprived of their accidents, with the accidents of the bread and wine, which have been deprived of their substance. In this way the body and blood are offered under the appearance of bread and wine. In regards to the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist, Belgakov recognizes the contradiction between the ide…