The economics of white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, management is comprised of multiple facets. Deer herd health and population regulation are central to the economics of most deer management plans. The local white-tailed deer populations directly impact human welfare economics. The management of deer populations heavily affects agriculture, forestry, landscaping, and natural vegetation. Recreational services are another economic source realized from the management of white-tailed deer. Much of the economics of white-tailed deer management can also be applied to other game species.
Herd Health and Regulation
White-tailed deer population size will affect the herd’s health. Disease in a herd spreads readily when the population size is large; this is known as density-dependent spread of infection (Habib, Merrill, Pybus, & Coltman, 2011). Frequency-dependency is the spread of infection controlled by the number of individuals infected. Foot and Mouth Disease is spread through a large population of white tailed deer and can be transmitted from white-tailed d…