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Introduction
This paper will focus on the economics of prostate cancer screening.
The American Cancer Society states that cancer is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. If the spread is not controlled, it can result in death (10). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cancer is the second leading cause of death. In 2002 alone, half a million Americans will die of this disease. Of this numerical figure, it is estimated that perhaps more than 1,500 individuals a day will die. In addition, one of every four deaths in America is from cancer (9).
Among Medicare-age men, prostate cancer is a common and serious malignancy. The American Cancer Society (ACS) indicates that in the year 2002, 189,000 men in the United States are expected to be diagnosed with the disease and of this number, it is projected that 30,200 men will dies this year of prostate cancer. In the United States, this form of cancer is the second leading cause of death in men and it accounts for approximately 11% of male cancer related deaths. Ot…
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