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Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, “is the pre-meditated and planned taking of a human life by a government in response to a crime committed by that legally convicted person” (usliberals.about.com). “Most death penalty cases involve the execution of murderers.” Capital punishment can also be “applied for treason, espionage, and other crimes” (ProCon.org “Death Penalty ProCon.org”). The death penalty is done “primarily by means of lethal injection” (ProCon.org “Death Penalty ProCon.org”).
Many people are arguing whether or not capital punishment is effective and should still be used in the American system. Proponents of the death penalty argue that the death penalty deters crime. In contrast, opponents of the death penalty argue that the death penalty is cruel and goes against the “cruel and punishment” clause in the 8th Amendment of the Constitution. This is an ongoing debate because the government has the power to take someone’s life.
For most of history, the Supreme Court assumed that capital punishment was constitutionally allowed. The Fifth Amendment and Fou…