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Afghanistan is a country in Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran. Its total is 652,230 sq km. In terms of climate, it is arid to semiarid, which essentially means they have cold winters and hot summers (CIA World Factbook, 1). “For many Afghanis, all that has changed in the last one thousand years are the weapons which have been used against so many of them” (Afghan, 1). This is because it has been in war constantly ever since the time of Alexander the Great. “Afghanistan has historically been the link between Central Asia, the Middle East, and the Indian sub-continent, which makes it a nation made up of many different nationalities” (Afghan, 1). In the eighth and ninth century, the Arabs brought Islam to Afghanistan. Afterwards, many Persian, Greek, Sassasian and Central Asian empires had ruled the nation. Their local dynasties were later conquered by Mongolian invasions, which remained in control of parts, if not all, until late 1500s (Infoplease, 1). 50% of Afghanis speak Afghan Persian or Dari, 35% speak Pashto, 11% speak Turkic languages, and the remaining 4% …