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The three major international drug control treaties are?
The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 as amended by the 1972 Protocol (UN, 1961), Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 (UN, 1971), United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 (UN, 1988). These conventions seek to combat the drug trafficking and drug abuse while ensuring that there is availability of narcotic/psychotropic drugs for medical and scientific use.
Outlining the Burning Situation:
Today, there are between 149 and 271 million people worldwide who have used illicit substances at least once in a year and global lifetime figures are higher than a billion. (UNODC). Reports (livescience, 2012) claim that drug abuse alone kills more than 250,000 people other than drug violence. Meanwhile, there has been an infringement of human rights and high incarceration rates due to the increasing stringency of drug policies. Without a domestic action, the longer United Nations takes to reach consensus on the issue of “War on Drugs” and modify the conven…