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In the fallout of World War II, decolonization around the world was taking place after colonial rulers had been wasted of any feasible measure to retain them. At the same time, the communist superpower of the USSR began a campaign to set up a buffer zone of satellite states, against their former allies and the emerging North American Treaty Organization (NATO). A feeling of mutual antagonism between the two created a global stalemate, and the only measurable way to demonstrate their power was in small conflicts: such as in Afghanistan for the Communists and Vietnam for the Americans. For the United States, their duel with the Communists led to a strategy to hold Communist sympathies in controllable, isolated areas. The American strategy became known as containment, most aptly through military power. Since their fellow NATO allies were unable to provide substantial support the United States would be alone in their venture of containing the rapidly expanding Communist regimes
Apart from other NATO allies, France, who was embarrassingly conquered by the Germans in a matter of weeks, a…