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The elementary years are full of major milestones of both cognitive and social development. These elementary milestones as described by Piaget include primarily the concrete operational stage where children develop logical thinking skills including the ability to distinguish personal thinking skills (Bukatko and Daehler, 2012). Elementary educators and care givers have a responsibility to provide and environment rich in play and peer interaction as well as focused on the appropriate zone of proximal development, pushing towards the development of higher level thinking skills.
Beginning with play, specifically through “rough and tumble play” young children gain an understanding of social cues as well as contribute to cognitive development (Bjourkland, 1998). There has been a trend in school in both North America and Great Britain to minimize the amount of recess in favor of increasing academic time. While this practice may seem intuitive, with the focus being of closing academic gaps, it is more urgent to recognize the importance of active free time on cognitive development (Bjourk…
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