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“The term “affirmative action” was first introduced by President Kennedy in 1961 as a method of redressing discrimination that had persisted in spite of Civil Rights Laws and constitutional guarantees” (Brunner and Rowen, “A History and Timeline of Affirmative Action”). Then on September 24, 1965, affirmative action was enforced for the first time. “Issued by President Johnson, the executive order requires government contractors to “take affirmative action” toward prospective minority employees in all aspects of hiring and employment” (Brunner and Rowen, “Timeline of Affirmative Action Milestones” ). Towards the late ‘70s, some problems began to arise (Brunner and Rowen, “A History and Timeline of Affirmative Action” ). As time progressed, more and more court cases were fought against affirmative action and the universities that enforced it. Some of the most famous cases were Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, United States v. Paradise, Fisher v. University of Texas, and Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education. The government of the United States should no longer utilize…