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Introduction
“Parliaments and their members can and should be among the foremost champions of child protection. They can legislate, oversee government activity, allocate financial resources and, as leaders within their nations and communities, raise awareness of issues and provide advocacy.”
Historic Perspective
The end of the 19th century saw a raising concern with the cruelty inflicted to children by their guardians, that was expressed in the public campaigns carried out by the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children . This, together with the progressive intervention of the state into family life during that period, for example through compulsory education, created the appropriated conditions for the passage of the first law to protect children from abuse and neglect . The Prevention of Cruelty to and Protection of Children Act 1889 established sanctions for the abuse and neglect of children by their guardians . Additionally, gave powers to the police to take a child into care when necessary and to search for a child suspected of being abused or neglected…
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