+1 (218) 451-4151 info@writersnest.org
Select Page

The word ‘Economy’ is derived from the Greek word ‘okinomous’ which means one who manages a household. Economics is the study of how society manages to run its scarce resources. Scarcity means that society has limited or finite resources and therefore cannot produce all of the goods and services people desire to have. God has created man with innumerable desires and wants. So, unlimited wants surround man throughout his life without having an end till the death of his life. But if the human wants were limited, he would have been able to satisfy them easily and the society would be getting optimal benefits from its scarce resources which is called ‘Efficiency’ in economics. Economics also assumes that normally people are rational and they weigh their costs and benefits before doing any action. But to know how people preferences and decisions change, economists give them incentives. An incentive is something that persuades a person to react. So in economics scarcity, efficiency and incentives play a very important role in making conclusions and decisions.
If we talk about scarcity…
… middle of paper …